Indian music – Melody of life

January 16, 2013 11:53 am 1 comment

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Indian MusicThe country of Grammy Winners, Ravishankar and A.R.Rahaman is also known for its other music legends. Tansen, the Court singer of Emperor Akbar, known to bring showers with Raga Megha Mallar was born in India. The musical tradition of the country is famous for its esoteric knowledge and a Guru based tradition. The music kernel of the country is divided into North Indian Classical Music and South Indian Classical music. While the classical music is famous for its Guru-parampara, the light music also has its world famous exponents like Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhonsle, A.R.Rahaman and Kishore Kumar. Musical tradition has been enriched by the Gazaal and Kawali tradition of Parsian Empire and slowly Indian music has become the fusion of traditional and external music. 

Music is a form of art whose medium is sound and silence consisting of pitch, rhythm combined in a pleasing way, which is soothing to the ears. Music is classified as performing art, fine art, art music, and folk music. Performance is physical expression for music. Music as a part of Indian life style can be traced back to the Vedas. The Vedas prescribed pitch and accent for the chanting of Vedic hymns. Indian music is both vocal and instrumental. The vocal tradition is especially strong in Indian music. The song is probably the most ancient form of music. Vocal music occupies a considerable part of Natya Shastra. The Same Veda is the oldest musical text in India.

India is one of the oldest unspoken musical traditions in the world. The basis of Indian music is “sangeet.” Sangeet is combinations of two forms vocal music, and instrumental music. Indian music is based on the seven letters Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha and Ni. These seven letters are mathematically improvised to make thousands of tunes named Rages and cyclic rhythmic patterns known as Taals.

Music has no language and boundaries and this is apt for a country like India. The land is a home for many languages and music binds it together. However, Indian music can be broadly divided between Hindustani and Carnatic music, though there are various genres under both the broad categories. Indian classical music is mainly a vocal art. “Khayal” emerged over the centuries as the vernacular and romantic version of “dhrupad”. Both the sitar and the table probably introduced in the 18th century to complement khayal singing. The classical songs of north India are devotional in nature, but there are few genres, which are especially oriented toward religion. Most notable is the bhajan, dhun or kirtan for Hindus, the qawali for Muslims, the shabed for Sikhs. Gazal is one style, which is known for it rich poetic, and romantic content. The Hindi geet which is basically just a song and undoubtedly the most popular is the film song, most popularly known as Bollywood songs which in itself are a new wave. Bollywood songs gave a new dynamics to the music world. With the coming of internet, the songs have reached a completely new level.

The intention of music may differ from aesthetic delight, spiritual, or ceremonial purpose or it can be just for sheer entertainment. Music is an important part of life of people since ancient civilization. Indian classical music is one of the oldest traditions in the world. The remains of Indus valley civilization show that music was an integral part of the culture. Various types of stringed instruments and drums have been recovered from Harrappa and MohenjoDaro excavation.

Indian music is very melodious and provides a soothing effect to the ears. Music is a form of art, which keeps growing, and there is no end to the enlargement in the field. Indian music is one such example with time it has grown, developed, and made a place for itself in the world scenario.

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