Music is one of the oldest and the richest forms of art invented by man involving sound as the medium. Music is purely controlled by sound sonics, pitch, and rhythm. The purpose may vary from aesthetic pleasure, religious, or ceremonial purpose, or as an entertainment product. Music is an important part of our lives since ancient civilization. Indian classical music is one of the oldest traditions in the world. Various types of stringed instruments and drums recovered from Harrappa and MohenjoDaro excavation. Although music has no bar on language, it has certainly evolved differently in different cultures providing specific values to the social and geographical aspects of the creator. In India, the earliest tradition of music can be traced back from the scripts of Vedas. The “samaveda”, describes music at length.
Indian music can be broadly divided into Carnatic and Hindustani music. Carnatic music is based on historical developments that can be traced to the 15th-16th centuries AD and it is one of the oldest musical forms to survive till today. Hindustani music tradition goes back to Vedic times around 1000 BC, it further developed in the 13th and 14th century with Persian influence. In modern era, the Indian classical music is known worldwide, Indian classical music is based on the ragas (“colors”), which are scales and melodies that provide the foundation for a performance. There are various genres in which Indian music can be divided folk, tribal, devotional, ghazal, bhangra, thumri, dadra, ghazal, chaiti, kajri, kaththa and tappa. It would be unfair to combine all the various forms under the same banner. Different forms have their own individuality, charm and are region specific. Folk is the most traditional form in which bamboo and animal skin instruments are mostly used, tribal music has its own charisma, and is mostly sung during dance festivals. Devotional songs play a very important role in the life of an Indian it is an integral part of socio-religious life. Indian music is essentially melodic, and is region specific with each district having a specialty of its own. The beauty of the land is that regional music contributes to the music in general and enhances the form of art, which ultimately is magic to the ears.
Although, music started with the classical form as per the Vedas, it is only obvious that with time it only evolved more with influences from several invasions, which also bought cultural diversity along with it. Thus, providing the artist more genres to twick the creativity and transform standout musical form. Present India has seen a drastic change and now Indian Music is elaborate and expressive. The twelve semitones “Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa” forms the foundation for Indian Music, be it of any genre. Being of Monophonic in nature, its purity emphasizes on the melody, particularly on the ragas and the taals.
Modern age music, commonly called INDI-POP, can be termed as an amalgamation product of Indian folk music and Indian classical music blended with the modern beats from different parts of the world. Fusion is another popular form of music wherein, two or more different music styles combine completely to sound like one masterpiece sound effect. Popular trends of fusion include mixing of Sufi rhythm with carnatic music, classical folk music with tribal effect.
India has been blessed with many talented music artisits, wherein some of the legends from past like Tansen, bhairav singh can be named, so can be named modern wonders like Zakir Hussain, Lata Mangeshkar and A R Rehman. These geniuses have been carrying the responsibility of carrying the musical creativity to a different heights altogether. Increased competition and fight for survival has resulted in evolution of many modern form of music to its credit, there is certainly enough number of audience in this vast nation, to appreciate the various forms.
Overall, in a country existing united in diversity, exists the widest, largest and most diverse form of music, which have been soothing the mind of millions since history can remember, and will continue the trend in future that can be foresighted. Music is an art, which no matter how much evolves, will still have something that can yet be explored. Many forms will rise in process many might even get extinct. But the cycle will continue and so will continue “Music”