Technology – Paving the Way of Life

January 24, 2013 6:43 am 0 comments

TechnologyTechnology is the child of innovation, education, and necessity. Technology need not just refer to electronic gadgets. It can be as basic as primitive tools and techniques. India has always harbored a wide range of technological achievements. From the Indus Valley civilization, where water drainage system and irrigation facilities were the technology of the time, to the Kings and rulers of various Indian regions who used modified weapons in combat.  Tipu Sultan used the first rockets to overcome the enemy, to modern day India where various electronic gadgets and other scientific achievements under its name, India has always been on the technological forefront.

The history of science and technology in the Indian Subcontinent began with prehistoric human activity at the Indus Valley Civilization to the early states and empires. The British colonial rule introduced some elements of western education in India. Following independence science and technology in the Republic of India has included automobile engineering, information technology, communications as well as space, polar, and nuclear sciences. Archaeological excavations made in various parts of the Indian subcontinent have led to the discoveries of the rich technological and scientific heritage of the Indus Valley Civilization. The civilization was the first to develop various irrigational and agricultural inventions.

India had made major advancements in the field of education too. The Nalanda University and various other universities were already flourishing in India when the rest of the world was still in the Dark Ages. Mathematical, astronomical, and scientific discoveries were made with great accuracy at that time which is used in various theorems even today. India has given the Decimal System and Zero to the world. There have been mentions of Pythagorean Theorems, Binomial Theorems, and Calculus in ancient Indian manuscripts. The ancient Indian texts have mentioned the twelve zodiac signs, seven planets, and various constellations using technological instruments in astronomy. India was a major producer of various resources, minerals, textiles, and precious stones that were mined and processed using modern techniques such as blast furnaces and precision cuttings, and these techniques were passed onto various other regions through export and trading. Even on the medical front, Indians had made a great development since the early ages. Ayurveda is the ancient Indian way of treatment. The ayurvedic way of medication is widely prevalent and respected not only in India today but worldwide also it is a popular method of treatment.

India had made technological advancements in the field of warfare and strategy too. The use of rockets and gunpowder was dominant in India. India is credited with the birth of using rockets in warfare. The production of various traditional guns was developed and used in warfare even before the influence of colonial invasions. Navigation was born in India and the building of dams and docks keeping in calculation the flow of tides were found in excavations made at the Indus Valley and other Indian civilizations too. Cartography and map-making to a great level of accuracy was progressed in India. The technological and educational advancements in India were well spread across the world, which led to travelers from all corners of the world starting out in search of this land of richness and knowledge.

The input of foreign invasions led to a number of progresses. Improvements in technology were seen in production practices, manufacturing and in constructions. India is the home to some of the greatest technological feats in the field of construction such as The Iron Pillar, The Taj Mahal, Jantar Mantar, TheGrand Trunk Road (Sher Shah Suri Road) to name a few. Technological advancements in India took a more evident turn towards how it stands today with   the British influence in the 18th century. The entry of colonialism and foreign invasions influenced the development of technology in a major way. The British contributed in a number of technological and educational advancements, most of which are still evident in today’s society. The greatest example of technological contribution of the British was in the setting up and functioning of the railway system in India. This in turn helped in the spread of knowledge and influence from one part of the country to another and even beyond its boundaries. The other contribution of the colonial rule was the development of the telephone system in India which has helped in the progress of India both pre and post independence.

India has been the birthplace of great minds and educational, mathematical and scientific geniuses and scholars like Sir Jagadis Chandra Bose (1858–1937), Prafulla Chandra Ray(1861-1944), Satyendra Nath Bose (1894–1974), Meghnad Saha (1893–1956), P. C. Mahalanobis (1893–1972), Sir C. V. Raman (1888–1970), Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910–1995), Homi Bhabha (1909–1966), Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887–1920), Vikram Sarabhai (1919–1971), Har Gobind Khorana (1922–2011), and Harish Chandra (1923–1983). They had made their presence in global studies and had made great contributions for which they are well known and respected even today not just in India but worldwide also.

Post independence India has kept itself in the race of technology and is at a respectable position when compared to the other great nations of the world. Be it in warfare and artillery, medicine and surgery or science and nuclear power, India has achieved heights in all these fields. India is one of the few nations to harness nuclear energy for both military and power generation. Other than, this India has progressed in navigation, robotics, and communication fields. India now holds a high position in import and export of various commercial and industrial products. These technological advancements have put India in the forefront globally. One can find Indians working in almost every leading technological industry around the world. India is a hub for technological gadgets and devices and provides a market for both the selling and production of national and international products. Technology in India has come a far way from what it was, from showing the world how to count to various other researches and discoveries to the present day scenario where India races with the other countries to become one of the greatest and advanced nations in the world, but there is still a long way to go.

India is a bank of creative and scientific minds, which provides useful and important experiences and resources to technological research and productions all over the world. One can find Indians working in almost every field ranging from medicine to aerospace, electronics to warfare, and contributing in their advancements at a large scale.

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